C++ Programming Basics for Newbies

C++ is one of the world’s most-used programming languages, offering both imperative and object-oriented functionality across a variety of platforms.

This course is intended to introduce beginners to this powerful programming language. It begins by covering all of its essentials: statements and expressions, variables, conditionals, operators, loops and functions as well as working with files and special data structures (classes).


C++ is a statically typed language, so to improve performance it requires initializing variables at compilation time and saving yourself runtime types checks, speeding up program development time while also helping avoid mismatched data types (for instance attempting to assign an integer value into a variable that was initialized as float). By initializing at compilation, this reduces runtime types checks while also helping prevent mismatched types errors such as assigning an int value into an initialized float variable and thus leading to errors or mismatches between data types (such as trying to assigning int value into variable that was initialized as float).

Variables are memory locations in which values are stored within a program, such as numbers, strings or characters. Each variable has an associated symbolic name used to refer back to it when accessing its data; its value may change at any time but its name must stay the same; these names are known as identifiers and there are some guidelines for choosing them when writing C++ code.

First rule for variable names in C++: They must be unique and short and easy to read, making it easier for developers to comprehend and modify later. Furthermore, names should not begin with null or special characters like #, $ or % as this prevents understanding code as well as later modifications. Second rule: A variable must have its own data type such as int, long or double.

As part of creating a valid program, each variable must match its expression type exactly and have both a declaration and definition; these steps are crucial in initiating its initialization, initializing its value and type before delineating how the variable will be used later on. C++ supports two types of variable expressions called Lvalue and Rvalue expressions respectively – Lvalue expressions have an associated memory address while Rvalue ones don’t.


Arrays are one of the key data structures in programming and coding, serving to store multiple elements of a single data type in contiguous memory locations for easy access by their index numbers. Furthermore, arrays enable various operations on their elements including insertion/deletion/search/display/trace.

An array can be used to store data in lists or sets. For instance, it can store all of a class’s quiz scores; each student would have his score stored in its own bucket and can be accessed using index numbers. By using an array, memory space is saved while program speed increases considerably.

Arrays differ from other data structures by not incurring per-element overhead; however, index bounds may incur small fees. They’re widely used across applications to store information – from medical imaging and weather forecasting simulations to physics simulations and video game graphics generation.

This tutorial introduces the fundamentals of C++ language, such as variables and arrays. It explores basic syntax as well as more advanced features like template classes, operator overloading and lambda expressions. Finally, this course also shows how to build an array-based program which generates fractal images.

C++ offers many different kinds of variables to meet any need in a program. Variables may include booleans, integers (int), floating point numbers with decimals points, characters or strings of letters and symbols as well as derived data types like functions and arrays. You can select which variable best meets the needs of your application by considering all these aspects.


Strings are sequences of characters used as constants or variables in programming, such as constants or variables. Strings can be written using single or double quotation marks and used either directly as literal text or variables names. Strings allow programmers a flexible and expressive way of displaying text, as well as many functions for performing operations such as concatenation, comparison and conversion on them.

String variables are an integral component of C programming language and serve to store values that can be utilized throughout a program. They’re stored in memory for easy access by your operating system; their values can also be modified at any time to help programmers track program development progress easily.

Strings declared with C are assigned values that can be accessed at any time. There are various kinds of variables, each offering its own advantages and disadvantages. Pointers provide another type of variable which can be accessed using address; these pointers allow dynamic memory allocation as well as creating complex data structures.

The C++ string class provides support for sequences of characters in C++. It is an instantiation of the basic_string class template and features many useful string operations functions like strcat, strlen, strcmp, strcpy and swap – strcat is used to create new string objects from existing strings while strlen returns length information; strcmp compares two strings while strcpy/swap copy/swap values between strings objects respectively.


C++ is an object-oriented programming language widely used for game development and operating system purposes, making it a versatile solution. Due to its flexible nature and powerful dynamic programming capabilities, it has become popular with programmers looking to build dynamic programs. While learning this advanced programming language may seem complex at first, this tutorial will assist with getting you up and running by walking you through key concepts such as loops and conditional statements.

Computer programming loops are repeated code sequences that recur until a process has completed its intended function, making loops an essential tool for programming complex tasks and rapid code execution. There are different types of loops, including for, while and do-while loops – each has their own set of benefits and uses, but all have the same core components – these being an initializer, condition and update expression; typically this last one either increments or decrements variable values within the loop variable(s).

An important concept to grasp is how if and switch statements work. They allow you to check a condition and execute only if that condition has been fulfilled, while switch statements compares that condition against multiple values before executing code if any one matches up with what the condition dictates.

An understanding of these fundamental concepts will enable you to build more complex programs while ensuring that the code is error-free. With that foundation laid, more advanced topics such as inheritance and polymorphism will soon follow; file handling can also help manage large volumes of data while increasing code reusability. Eventually, this tutorial will prepare you for an Advanced C++ course where you will write and compile your first program!


C++ functions are the cornerstones of your program, serving as small blocks of code that execute when they’re invoked and providing modularization capabilities. They’re often used for logic implementation as well as data input/output processing. Each function must be identified using its name declared between parentheses; additionally they are designated public, private or protected based on how accessible they are to outsiders compared to private/protected functions that are only available within specific classes they belong to.

Before diving in to programming in C++, it is essential that you learn its syntax, which provides rules for writing programs. This tutorial introduces some of the essential features of the language such as variables and functions as well as loops such as for, while and do-while loops. Furthermore, comments provide another means of communicating your code and signalling which sections should be ignored by compilers.

Once you have the basics down pat, more advanced topics like class and function templates, namespaces, exception handling, and the STL can be explored. This tutorial also covers object-oriented programming by teaching how to use classes and objects to generate fractal images using code.

No matter your level of programming knowledge or experience, this course will provide everything you need to start developing in C++. From variables and arrays to functions and writing your first program all the way through compilation and execution; plus advanced features of the language like recursion and dynamic memory allocation as well as creating projects within an IDEs, you will learn all there is to know to get your start with C++!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *